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Goa's History

2 years 11 months ago

Goa’s history dates 20,000 to 30,000 years, as evidence of ancient rock carvings and tools suggests. After centuries of rule by different regimes (from the Mauryas in the 3rdcentury to the Adil Shahis of Bijapur in the 14th century), it was invaded by a powerful fleet of Portuguese colonizers to secure cargoes of valuable spices, mostly pepper, from the Arab Muslim rulers. The attack in 1510 with the support of local ally Timayya, marked the beginning of 450 years of Portuguese rule in Goa.
The new Portuguese rulers constructed some of the most beautiful churches of the time, including the Church of St Cajetan, the Se Cathedral and the Basilica of Bom Jesus, in Old Goa, which continue to attract pilgrims from around the world. The flavor of Goa distinguishes itself from the rest of India through this amalgamation of Portuguese and local traditions in every sphere of life.
Goa was liberated from Portuguese rule 14 years after India’s Independence in 1961  to become a Union Territory, and later in 1987 the country’s smallest state.